San Leon Tarfaya Morocco: In-situ Vapor Extraction (IVE) technology

UPDATE: as soon as possible.

San Leon is looking to push its Moroccan oil-shale plans forward after expanding its position at the Tarfaya prospect. IVE injects heated gas into the borehole to help release hydrocarbons from oil shale underground so it flows to the surface as in a traditional well”  petroleum-economist

“Increase in magnitude 3+ earthquakes likely caused by oil and gas production”

“Earthquakes Linked To Oil, Gas Production In New Study”

“USGS: Recent Earthquakes “Almost Certainly Manmade”. Report Implicates Oil and Natural Gas Drilling” Terremotos

Morocco Atlas mountain: Agadir earthquake 1960–> Killing 15.000 wikipedia

NEIC: Earthquake Search Results U. S. GEOLOGICAL SURVEY EARTHQUAKE DATA BASE: 1985-2008 PDF: NEIC-Eartquakes 1985-2008

Geología España = Repsol. Universidad de Barcelona

National Academy of Sciences

“The injection of fluid to facilitate oil and gas production, similar to fluid injection for geothermal systems, has the potential to generate induced seismic activity”

“Human activity, including injection and extraction of fluids from the Earth, can induce seismic events”

PDF: Indused Seismicity

Ohio Department of Natural Resources:  “The 2011 earthquakes are distinct from previous seismic activity in the region because of their proximity to a Class II deep injection well” PDF: ohiouicexecsummary

Statement of DR. William Leith, senior science advisor for earthquake and geologic hazards U.S. “In all of the other cases, there is scientific evidence to at least raise the possibility that the earthquakes were induced by wastewater disposal or other oil- and gas-related activities” PDF: leith_19june2012

The USGS scientists point out that ”a naturally-occurring rate change of this magnitude is unprecedented outside of volcanic settings or in the absence of a main shock, of which there were neither in this region.” They conclude: While the seismicity rate changes described here are almost certainly manmade, it remains to be determined how they are related to either changes in extraction methodologies or the rate of oil and gas production. thinkprogress

Very little is known about how these problems may manifest themselves in fracking offshore oil platforms. truth-out.org

San Leon Tarfaya: The in- situ vapour extraction (IVE) process is being developed by the San Leon team of engineers and specialists. pennenergy

In July 2009, Irish oil company San Leon Energy announced it had signed a three-year agreement with ONHYM to use “In-Situ Vapor Extraction (IVE) technology” on the Tarfaya deposit. oilsandstruth

In-situ Vapor Extraction (IVE) technology is the injection of hot natural gas into oil reservoirs to vaporize the oil trapped within the pores so it can be extracted. washingtonwatch

Mountain West Energy licenses IVE Technology to San Leon Energy Plc for a Moroccan Oil Shale Experiment mtnwestenergy

IVE is an in-situ oil shale extraction technology that forces heated gas through a central injector well and into a high oil yielding and fractured oil shale. egyptoil-gas

San Leon: “applying our in situ IVE Technology to the deeper resource” petroleumafrica

San Leon: “has been testing in situ vapour-extraction (IVE)” petroleum-economist

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